Added on: 9th Aug 2016
THE 2014 SPANISH DROUGHT
Recently many parts of Spain suffered their most intense dry spell
in more than a century and a half, with Valencia and Alicante
among the worst-affected regions. According to the country’s
meteorological agency, Aemet, in the 150 years prior, they had
never witnessed such a long and intense drought, which has
many experts worrying about the country’s water supplies
for the near future.
THE 1988–89 DROUGHTS IN ILLINOIS, USA
The 1988–89 droughts were some of the most disastrous in the
history of Illinois and America. The drought caused $60 billion in
damage ($120 billion in today’s dollars, adjusting for inflation)
and during the summer of 1988, it led to many wildfires in the
forests of western North America, including Yellowstone.
Moreover, thousands of Americans lost their lives
because of extreme heat waves.
THE 1829 MAJOR DROUGHT IN WESTERN AUSTRALIA
This drought was so extreme that it nearly destroyed all
agriculture in western Australia forcing settlers to traverse
long distances for water and pastures for their flocks.
HORN OF AFRICA FAMINE
Just as the region is experiencing a devastating famine in the
twenty-first century, the Horn of Africa experienced a deadly
drought and famine in 1888 that was mainly caused by an
extreme lack of rainfall. Over one million reportedly died
during that time in Ethiopia, Sudan, and Somalia.
THE 2010–11 TEXAS DROUGHT
The agriculture industry in Texas was hit hard by the drought of
2010–11. According to the media, from November 2010 to August 1,
2011, Texas suffered an estimated $5.2 billion in crop and livestock
losses, surpassing the previous record loss of $4.1 billion in
2006. Due to record heat and drought, violent wildfires
destroyed many homes in the area as well.
THE 1983 UNITED STATES DROUGHT
The United States Drought of 1983 started in late spring and
involved numerous states in the Midwest and the Great Plains.
Intense heat with temperatures over 100° F (38° C) affected
numerous portions of the United States, specifically Missouri,
Illinois, and Kentucky; and killed hundreds of people.
THE DECCAN FAMINE OF 1630–32
After three consecutive crop failures and continuous droughts
that took place in India, the Deccan Famine of 1630–32 was one of
the worst in the country. More than two million died during this time.
THE VIETNAMESE DROUGHT OF 1944
The Vietnamese drought of 1944 caused the winter-spring harvest
to decrease by 20%. This coupled with pests, war and a flood
during the harvest season led to what is known as the
Vietnamese famine of 1945.
THE 1850 SEVERE DROUGHT IN AUSTRALIA
Lack of winter rains was the main factor in the 1850 Australian
drought resulting in major livestock losses across inland
New South Wales and around the western river region.
It was considered one of the most disastrous droughts
in Australia in the nineteenth century.