NATIVE AMERICANS THAT HELPED DEFINE THE PAST
Added on: 12th Sep 2016
Hiawatha was a pre-historical Native American leader and
co-founder of the Iroquois confederacy. Depending on the
source of the narrative he was a leader of the Onondaga,
the Mohawk, or both. According to some sources he was
born an Onondaga, but adopted into the Mohawk.
HAKADAH (CHARLES EASTMAN)
Hakadah, better known as Charles Eastman, was one of the
first Native Americans to become certified as a medical doctor,
after he graduated from Boston University. In the early twentieth
century, he was considered one of the most prolific authors
and speakers on Sioux ethno-history and American Indian affairs.
Additionally, he is considered the first Native American author
to write American history from the native point of view.
BEN NIGHTHORSE CAMPBELL
On November 3, 1992, Ben Nighthorse Campbell of Colorado
made history by becoming the first Native American to serve in
the US Senate in more than sixty years. A member of the
Northern Cheyenne tribe, Campbell was also a world-famous
athlete and captain of the US judo team for the
1964 Tokyo Olympics.
Born sometime between 1840 – 1845, Crazy Horse was an
Oglala Sioux Indian chief who took part in the Battle of
Little Big Horn. In 1877, Crazy Horse surrendered but was
killed in a scuffle with soldiers. Long after his death
Crazy Horse is still revered as a visionary leader who fought
hard to preserve his people’s traditions and way of life.
Leader of the Chiricahua , Chief Cochise was one of the
great Apache Indian leaders who fought against Anglo-Americans.
He led an uprising against the American government in
1861 and died in 1872. Cochise County, Arizona, is named after him.
Sequoyah was a half-Cherokee inventor who after being injured
in a hunting accident became a silversmith. In 1809, he started
creating a simple Cherokee alphabet consisting of eighty-six
symbols and in 1821 introduced it to the Cherokee council.
For the next twenty years, he travelled and taught his
language until his death in 1843.
Born in 1767 in the Virginia Colony, Black Hawk was the leader
of a faction of Sauk and Fox Indians. He joined the British in
several battles in the War of 1812 and in 1832 he led his
people across the Mississippi to resist further white
Geronimo, arguably one of the most famous Native Americans
in history, was born in June 1829, in No-Doyohn Canyon, Mexico.
He fought European colonization in the Southwest by
participating in raids into Sonora and Chihuahua, Mexico.
After years of war Geronimo finally surrendered to American
troops in 1886 and spent the last two decades of his life
as a prisoner of war.