COUNTRIES THAT HAVE LOW LIFE EXPECTANCY
Added on: 30th Nov 2016
EQUATORIAL GUINEA (50.10)
A major oil producer, Equatorial Guinea is the richest country
per capita in Africa but the wealth is distributed unevenly
and only a few people can benefit from the oil riches.
Consequently, most of this country´s population cannot
even afford clean drinking water and proper medical care,
which is also why 20% of local children die before
reaching the age of five.
Home to about 15 million people, Mali faces numerous
health challenges related to poverty, malnutrition and
inadequate hygiene and sanitation. Mali’s health and
development indicators rank among the worst in the world.
Medical facilities and medicines in general are very limited
here. Also, it is estimated that up to 90% of Mali’s girls
and women undergo female genital mutilation which
often has fatal consequences for them.
Located in West Africa, Cameroon enjoys relatively high
political and social stability but large numbers of
Cameroonians live in poverty as the wealth and power
lies firmly in the hands of the authoritarian president.
Qualified doctors and nurses emigrate because of the
inadequate payment they would get in the country.
Apart from diseases like dengue fever and malaria,
the female population is also decimated by
inhumane practices such as breast ironing.
Africa´s seventh largest country, Angola has the same problem
as Cameroon. The country´s economy is flourishing but the
standard of living remains low for the majority of the
population and life expectancy and infant mortality rates
in Angola are among the worst in the world. Epidemics of
cholera, malaria, rabies, haemorrhagic fevers and tuberculosis
have had a huge impact on Angolans´ health.
One of the world´s most densely populated countries;
Burundi has been through uneasy times. Bouts of
ethnic cleansing, ultimately two civil wars and
genocides during the 1970’s and again in the
1990’s left the country undeveloped and extremely
poor. Burundians often have to deal with weak
infrastructure, poor access to health and education
services and even hunger. No wonder this country
has an average life expectancy of just 48.8 years.
The Mozambique Civil War (1977 – 1992) led to a great
setback in the primary health system in this Southeast
African country. With just 3 physicians per 100,000 people,
it is very difficult for the locals to get even the very basic
medical care. As a result, both infant and maternal
mortality are very high while the average life expectancy
is the 11th lowest in the world.
Constantly plagued by political violence and recurrent
attempted coups d’état, Chad is one of the poorest and
most corrupt countries in the world. Chad’s cities face
serious difficulties of municipal infrastructure; only 48%
of urban residents have access to potable water and only
2% to basic sanitation. People living in rural areas are
even worse off as they often lack even food and basic
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO (47.42)
The second largest country in Africa by area, the Democratic
Republic of Congo is extremely rich in natural resources,
but political instability, lack of infrastructure and centuries
of both commercial and colonial exploitation have made
this country very poor. Affected by numerous serious
diseases such as malaria and yellow fever, Congo has the
world’s second-highest rate of infant mortality and its
average life span is just 47.4 years.