Added on: 26th May 2015
As a result of outdated regulations, the 40 or so industrial complexes
in the region have managed to create a severely toxic environment
that has led to numerous health complications for residents.
Situated at the end of a an extensive line of industrial complexes
that stretch for hundreds of miles upriver, the level of mercury in
Vati’s water supply is 96 times higher than anything considered safe.
Named the world’s most chemically polluted city by the Guinness Book
of World Records, in recent years its death rate has overwhelmed
its birth rate by more than 260%. It also has one of the lowest life
expectancies in the world at roughly 45 years.
LAKE KARACHAY, RUSSIA
Used for years as a nuclear dumping site by the Soviet Union,
Lake Karachay has several times been declared the most polluted
place on Earth. In fact, it has been said that just 1 hour of
exposure here would be lethal.
The site of the worst nuclear accident in history, after the Chernobyl
Disaster in 1986 almost all of this town’s 14,000 residents moved away.
Today it remains for the most part uninhabited due to radiation and fallout.
It has been said that if you hang your laundry out here, it will be
black before it can even dry. Although Linfen was long considered
the world’s most polluted city, small improvements have been made
in recent years.
NORTH PACIFIC GYRE
You may have heard the horror stories about a trash dump twice
the size of Texas floating out in the middle of the Pacific. While these
are slightly exaggerated there actually is something out there known
as the Pacific Trash Vortex. This is an extensive area in the
North Pacific containing high levels of microscopic toxins, plastics,
and chemical sludge. As a result of the rotating Pacific currents
(known as gyres in oceanography) these have been “trapped”
in the region. Contrary to popular myth though, it cannot be seen
from space (or even from a boat for that matter) but this doesn’t
change the fact that it is extremely damaging to the marine environment.
According to the World Health Organization Ahvaz, Iran is now the
most polluted city in the world, a problem that is only made worse
by its constant dust storms.